Adjacent to the World War One RAF airfield at Beddington was National Aircraft Factory No.1 and the associated aircraft testing airfield at Waddon. Rapidly constructed in 1918, it was the first of three National Aircraft Factories built to mass produce aircraft for the war effort. It consisted of 58 buildings and covered an enormous 650,000 square feet.
The war brought much social change and gave women new opportunities for work. Women were extensively employed at National Aircraft Factory No.1.
After its relatively short life, the factory switched to being a storage and disposal centre for surplus World War One aircraft